The commercial 5G services available today in Romania use the bands 3400 – 3800 MHz, and starting with 2021 also the band 2100 MHz. The 3400 – 3800 MHz bands have also been used in the past (since 2001) to provide electronic communications services, mainly to companies. The 3500 MHz band (3400 – 3800 MHz) is the pioneering band for 5G in Europe, and the 2100 MHz band has been used since 2004 for 3G UMTS services. As the frequency usage rights in the above-mentioned bands were granted under technology neutral conditions, they could be used for commercial 5G services, as well.
In the last 3 years, the mobile internet traffic in Romania has doubled every year. In the medium term, mobile networks cannot cope with these increases and the leap in performance introduced by 5G without the use of additional radio frequencies.
See more details in the5G Technology section.