The selection procedure organized by ANCOM refers to the granting of the frequency usage rights under technological neutrality conditions. The radio spectrum for mobile communications is limited, while having a significant economic value, which means that such resources are in high demand, and this demand is growing due to the 5G performance leap.
The 4 mobile networks in Romania currently use an amount of 770 MHz of radio spectrum to provide services to users. The 5G spectrum auction that ANCOM is preparing targets an additional amount of 350 MHz. Basically, this means a 50% increase in the spectrum available for ultra-fast mobile communications: 295 MHz available immediately after the auction, and another 55 MHz available from 2026.
Licence fees are revenue to the state budget.